To copy from the board or overhead, students
need to use graphomotor motor skills to maintain a comfortable
pencil grip and to form letters easily and legibly. In order to
copy words or numbers, a student must first create a mental image
of each letter, number, or symbol he needs to write, and then
use that image as a model when actually writing the letter/number.
In addition, when students copy information, they also use language
skills to read the words to be copied, and short-term memory to
hold that information in their memory until they write it down
- Help the student learn to compare situations
when s/he has an easy time writing or copying information with
those where s/he has difficulties. Let the student identify
approaches that have been successful. If possible, suggest ways
the student might apply successful approaches to situations
where s/he is less successful.
- Hand out notes or a typed or written copy
of the material being presented so the student can follow along
at his/her desk.
- Provide the student with partially completed
semantic, outlines, handouts, etc. to serve as guides or to
use for review. This will decrease the amount of information
a student needs to copy and will help with the organization
of the material.
- Allow the student to copy information from
the board or overhead in stages (dealing with small amounts
at a time).
- Read the material aloud as the student copies
- Make sure all information to be copied from
the board or an overhead is written clearly. Highlight important
information with an underline or a different color.